Initial Configuration

Unneeded Apps

The apps below can be removed in most cases as they are needed for my projects and take up valuable SD drive space.

List all installed application: apt list --installed

sudo apt-get --purge -y remove libreoffice libreoffice-avmedia-backend-gstreamer \
libreoffice-base libreoffice-base-core libreoffice-base-drivers libreoffice-calc \
libreoffice-common libreoffice-core libreoffice-draw libreoffice-gtk \
libreoffice-impress libreoffice-java-common libreoffice-math \
libreoffice-report-builder-bin libreoffice-sdbc-hsqldb libreoffice-style-galaxy \
libreoffice-writer bluej wolfram-engine scratch geany geany-common greenfoot \

sudo apt-get --purge -y remove minecraft-pi chromium-browser

sudo apt-get -y autoremove


sudo apt-get -y update
sudo apt-get -y remove nodejs
curl -sL | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs build-essential
sudo apt-get -y upgrade


sudo apt-get install mongodb-server
sudo systemctl start mongod
sudo systemctl enable mongod


curl -sSL | sh
sudo usermod -aG docker pi

Docker Compose

sudo apt-get install -y python3 python3-pip
sudo pip3 install docker-compose

Flash Drive

  • tail -f /var/log/messages

    • handy command to look at system messages.
  • sudo blkid

    • produces: /dev/sda1: UUID="8dd06116-a29c-459f-9002-c1cccd7892d5" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="eb5e7935-01"
  • Used that output to add the following like to /etc/fstab: (Note: messing this up will brick the Pi) -- PARTUUID=eb5e7935-01 /media/usb ext4 defaults 0 0
  • rebooted and the drive was automounted to /media/usb


Raspbian uses dphys-swapfile, which is a swap-file based solution instead of the "standard" swap-partition based solution. It is much easier to change the size of the swap.

The configuration file is:

/etc/dphys-swapfile The content is very simple. By default my Raspbian has 100MB of swap:

CONF_SWAPSIZE=2000 If you want to change the size, you need to modify the number and restart dphys-swapfile:

sudo /etc/init.d/dphys-swapfile restart Edit: On Raspbian the default location is /var/swap, which is (of course) located on the SD card. I think it is a bad idea, so I would like to point out, that the /etc/dphys-swapfile can have the following option too: CONF_SWAPFILE=/media/btsync/swapfile


Reset the hostname of the RPi with these commands:

sudo nano /etc/hostname
sudo nano /etc/hosts
sudo reboot

Alternatively, can now use: sudo raspbi-config to set the hostname.